Matomo (Piwik) tries to guess visitors and unique visitors using several elaborate techniques (User ID, first party UUID cookie, heuristics matching user settings, using an optional third party cookie, etc.). If several people use the same system or browser, Matomo might count them all as one visitor. If you want to track a user’s request across multiple devices (laptop, smartphone, tablet) then you must use the User ID feature.

Now when it comes to creating a new visit, you would fit into one of the two categories:

1) If you are building a Single Page Application and you are using User ID…

… then you want to tell Matomo the user has logged out by calling the resetUserId JavaScript method which you should call once a user has logged out. Learn more in “When user logs out, reset User ID”

2) or if you are not using User ID: manually force a new visit

If you cannot use User ID to track unique users, it is still possible to force Matomo (Piwik) to create a new visit for the current request whenever you require it. To create a new visit on demand you can use the &new_visit=1 parameter in the Tracking API (see Reference docs).

If you are using the Javascript tracker, you are also able to create new visits on demand. In your website in Javascript, whenever a user logs in the system (or whenever there is a need to create a new visit) you may write the following (before the trackPageView call):

_paq.push(['appendToTrackingUrl', 'new_visit=1']); // (1) forces a new visit 
_paq.push(["deleteCookies"]); // (2) deletes existing tracking cookies to start the new visit
// the two lines must be above the call to track* function
_paq.push(["trackPageView"]);

When the page loads, a new visit will be created in Matomo (Piwik).

Notes